How to swim ?

Table of Contents

Here you will read how to learn swim step by step

Swimming is a great skill to learn and can be an enjoyable and beneficial activity. Here are some basic steps to get started with swimming:

Learning how to swim is an exciting journey that opens up a world of aquatic possibilities. Whether you’re a beginner or looking to improve your skills, here is a step-by-step guide to get you started:

Step 1: Find a Suitable Swimming Environment:

Choose a swimming pool, lake, or beach that is safe and suitable for swimming. Ensure there are lifeguards present if you’re swimming in a public area.

Step 2: Get Comfortable in the Water

Start by gradually entering the water from a shallow area. Allow yourself to get used to the sensation of being in the water, and become comfortable with the buoyancy it provides. Practice floating on your front and back to establish a sense of relaxation and buoyancy.

Step 3: Learn Basic Water Safety

Before venturing into deeper water, familiarize yourself with basic water safety rules. These include never swimming alone, understanding your limits, and being aware of your surroundings.

Step 4: Practice Floating

Lie on your front with your face in the water and your arms extended forward. Kick your legs gently to help maintain a horizontal position. Similarly, practice floating on your back, with your face looking up towards the sky. Relax and breathe rhythmically while focusing on maintaining a streamlined body position.

Step 5: Master the Flutter Kick

The flutter kick is a foundational swimming kick. To practice this, lie on your stomach in the water and kick your legs up and down alternately. Keep your legs relatively straight, with a slight bend in your knees. Focus on generating propulsion from your hips, and aim for a smooth and continuous kicking motion.

Step 6: Coordinate Your Arms and Legs

Once you’re comfortable with the flutter kick, it’s time to coordinate your arm movements. As you kick your legs, extend one arm forward in front of your head, then pull it back through the water towards your hip. As the first arm pulls back, the other arm should be extending forward. Alternate your arm strokes while maintaining the flutter kick. This combination of arm and leg movements will propel you forward through the water.

Step 7: Breathing Technique

Breathing while swimming can be a bit challenging at first. To practice, turn your head to the side when your arm is extended during the stroke. Exhale gently underwater and take a quick breath in when your mouth is above the water, before returning your head to the neutral position. Focus on maintaining a relaxed and rhythmic breathing pattern.

Step 8: Start Slow and Build Stamina

Begin by swimming short distances or for brief time intervals. Gradually increase your swimming duration as your stamina improves. Remember to take breaks and rest when needed. Over time, your endurance will increase, allowing you to swim for longer periods.

Step 9: Consider Taking Swimming Lessons

If you’re new to swimming or want to enhance your skills, consider enrolling in swimming lessons. A certified swimming instructor can provide personalized guidance, teach proper technique, and help you progress more efficiently.

Step 10: Practice Freestyle Stroke:

Freestyle, also known as front crawl, is one of the most common and efficient swimming strokes. Focus on maintaining a streamlined body position, extending your arm forward, and pulling it back through the water with a relaxed and controlled motion. Combine it with the flutter kick and rhythmic breathing for a smooth and efficient swim.

Step 11: Explore Other Swimming Strokes:

Apart from freestyle, there are other swimming strokes to learn, such as breaststroke, backstroke, and butterfly. Each stroke has its unique technique and benefits. Experiment with different strokes to add variety to your swimming routine and challenge yourself to develop a well-rounded skill set.

Step 12: Improve Your Breathing Technique:

Breathing efficiently while swimming is crucial for maintaining stamina and avoiding fatigue. Practice bilateral breathing, where you alternate breathing on both sides during your strokes. This helps balance your body in the water and promotes better alignment.

Step 13: Enhance Your Body Position:

Achieving and maintaining a horizontal body position in the water is essential for reducing drag and increasing efficiency. Focus on keeping your body long and streamlined, with your hips close to the surface. Engage your core muscles to stabilize your body and improve your overall swimming technique.

Step 14: Utilize Drills and Equipment:

Incorporate swimming drills into your practice sessions to target specific aspects of your technique. For example, use a kickboard to isolate and strengthen your leg movements or try using fins to improve propulsion and enhance your kicking technique. Additionally, using pull buoys or swim paddles can help isolate and strengthen your arm movements.

Step 15: Develop Water Awareness:

Pay attention to the sensations of the water against your body. Be aware of its resistance, temperature, and how your movements interact with it. Cultivating a sense of water awareness will help you make adjustments to your technique and swim more efficiently.

Step 16: Learn Flip Turns:

Flip turns are commonly used during lap swimming to transition smoothly from one length of the pool to another. Mastering the flip turn technique can save time and maintain your swimming momentum. Practice flipping over as you approach the wall, tucking your knees towards your chest, and pushing off in a streamlined position.

Step 17: Swim with Others:

Joining a swim club, finding a swimming buddy, or participating in organized swim sessions can provide motivation and an opportunity to learn from experienced swimmers. Swimming with others can also help you gauge your progress and challenge yourself to improve.


Follow these guidelines whenever you’re swimming, and the odds of drowning will decrease dramatically:

  • Don’t swim alone. Always go swimming with one other person who is a strong swimmer, if not several other people. An area with a lifeguard is usually the best place to swim.
  • Don’t start out swimming in moving water. If you’re learning to swim in an ocean or river, you’ll need to be more aware of the motion of the water. If you must learn to swim this way, try to make sure you’re with someone who knows what he or she is doing, and be sure to read the step about getting out of a riptide or a rushing river (below).
  • Use proper safety gear until you have enough water experience and are reasonably comfortable in the water.
  • Stay within a depth you can handle. When you’re first learning how to swim, don’t venture.
  • into water that’s too deep for you to stand in. That way, if something goes amiss, you can simply stand up and breathe.
  • Avoid swimming during inclement weather conditions. Swimming in a light rain shower should be fine, but if you see or hear a storm approaching, get out of the water immediately. This rule is to be followed regardless of how well you can swim.
  • Don’t swim in water that’s too cold. Moving your limbs to paddle can become suddenly difficult if you’re in frigid water.


Remember to always prioritize safety while swimming. Follow pool rules, pay attention to lifeguards’ instructions, and be mindful of your own limitations. Regular practice, along with a positive attitude and a willingness to learn and adapt, will enable you to become a more confident and skilled swimmer. Enjoy the water and embrace the freedom that swimming offers!

Remember, learning to swim takes practice, patience, and perseverance. Don’t be discouraged if it feels challenging at first. With consistent effort and a positive mindset, you’ll soon be gliding through the water with confidence and enjoyment.

Syed Haseeb
Author: Syed Haseeb

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